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Nebulizer/Compressor Education

Home Nebulizer Therapy
Your doctor has ordered medication to be delivered through a home nebulizer. A nebulizer is a device powered by a compressed air machine. It allows you to take medications in the form of a mist (wet aerosol).

You will need the following supplies to give the nebulizer treatment:

  • Air compressor
  • Nebulizer cup
  • Mask or mouthpiece
  • Clean eyedroppers or other measuring devices to dispense the medication

Treatment procedure:

  1. Place the air compressor on a sturdy surface that will support its weight. Plug the cord from the compressor into a properly grounded (three prong) electrical outlet.
  2. Before treatment, wash your hands with soap and water and dry completely.
  3. Carefully measure medications exactly as you have been instructed and put them into the nebulizer cup. A separate, clean measuring device should be used for each medication.
  4. Assemble the nebulizer cup and mask or mouthpiece.
  5. Connect the tubing to both the aerosol compressor and nebulizer cup.
  6. Turn on the compressor to make sure it is working correctly. (You should see a light mist coming from the back of the chamber opposite the mouthpiece.)
  7. You should sit up straight either in your lap or on a comfortable chair.
  8. If you are using a mask, position it comfortably and securely on your face.
  9. If you uses a mouth piece, you should place it between the teeth and seal the lips around it.
  10. Brethe normally through your moth. Periodically take a deep breath and hold it for 2 to 3 seconds before breathing out. This allows the medication to settle in to the airways.
  11. Continue the treatments until the medication is gone (about 7 to 10 minutes).
  12. If you become dizzy or jittery, stop the treatment and rest for about 5 minutes. Continue the treatments, encouraging slower breathing. If this continues to be a problem with future treatments, inform your doctor.

Care of nebulizer
Cleaning and disinfecting your equipment is simple, yet very important. Proper care prevents infection. Cleaning should be done in a dust and smoke free area away from open windows.

Following are instructions for cleaning your equipment:

  1. Wash your hands.
  2. After each treatment rinse the nebulizer cup thoroughly with warm water, shake off excess water and let air dry. At the end of each day, the nebulizer cup, mask or mouthpiece should be washed in warm soapy water, rinsed thoroughly and allowed to air dry.
  3. Your equipment must be disinfected every third day using either a vinegar/water solution or a disinfectant solution that Medox Healthcare suggests. Soak for a minimum of 30 minutes then rinse and let air dry.Always allow the equipment to completely air dry before storing in a plastic, ziplock bag.

General care:

  1. Cover the compressor with a clean cloth when not using. Keep it clean by wiping it with a clean, damp cloth as needed.
  2. Do not put the air compressor on the floor either for treatments or for storage.
  3. Check the air compressor's filter as directed. Replace or clean according to the directions from Medox Healthcare.
  4. Always have an extra nebulizer cup and mask or mouthpiece in case you need it.
  5. Medications should be stored in a cool, dry place. Check them often. If they have changed color or formed crystals, throw them away and replace with them with new ones.
  6. All equipment and supplies for your nebulizer therapy can be obtained through Medox Healthcare..

For more complete instructions on equipment cleaning and care, refer to your care guide or follow the instructions provided by Medox Healthcare.


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